Steam Cloud
In Brief
Steam Cloud automatically stores files from your game on Steam's servers so your players can log into Steam and access their saved games from any computer.
Level of integration
Configuration of file paths required on Steamworks website. Alternatively, API calls required from within the game code to Steamworks for the game to enumerate, read, delete, or write files to Steam Cloud.

Steam Cloud Overview

The Steam Cloud provides an easy and transparent remote file storage system for your game. Files specified in the Auto-Cloud configuration or written to disk (created, modified, deleted, etc.) using the Cloud API will automatically be replicated to the Steam servers after the game exits.

If the user changes computers, the files are automatically downloaded to the new computer prior to the game launching. The game can then access the files by reading them through the Cloud API or reading them directly from disk as usual. Avoid machine-specific configurations such as video settings.

The Steam Client does the work of ensuring that the files are kept synchronized across all computers the user may be accessing.

Users can globally disable Cloud synchronization in the Steam Settings under Cloud by unchecking "Enable Steam Cloud synchronization for applications which support it."

Users can also disable the Cloud synchronization on a per-game basis in each game's properties.


Notes and Best Practices

It is important to remember that Steam will synchronize the user's Steam Cloud files for your game before and after every session. Any matching files which change during the session will be uploaded to Cloud storage immediately afterward. If your game writes very large files, or many small files, to Steam Cloud, then this may cause a noticeable impact on the user's internet bandwidth and also delay their ability to shut down Steam or re-launch the game.

As a general rule, smaller files will work better. If the saved state for a given user can be split up into different categories - things which may change frequently, and things which may not change often - then we recommend using separate files for those categories. That way, the un-changed state will not be re-uploaded after every session.

File Size Limits

The absolute limits on file sizes for Steam Cloud may change over time. Here are some current limits and thresholds:

100MBMaximum size for a call to ISteamRemoteStorage::FileWrite or ISteamRemoteStorage::FileWriteStreamWriteChunk
256MBMay result in a non-optimal storage endpoint choice for the user's location, negatively impacting upload/download performance

Save File Paths

When deciding where to write your save files, be sure the path will be unique for the current Steam user. If needed, you can get the user's unique Steam ID via ISteamUser::GetSteamID. From that, you can access their accountID from GetAccountID(), allowing you to have a unique variable when constructing your save path.

Cross-Platform Saves

If your game is supported on multiple platforms - or even if you plan to support this in the future - you should consider this when setting up Steam Cloud for your game.

If you plan to read/write files directly via the ISteamRemoteStorage interface, then you can control platform sync via ISteamRemoteStorage::SetSyncPlatforms. The default for a new file is to sync to all platforms.

If you plan to use Steam Auto-Cloud, there are some key things to know. First, the default for new files is to sync to only the OS setting on the associated Auto Cloud Root path. This means that if you set up distinct roots for each OS, all files will be partitioned by platform, and hence there will be no cross-platform save functionality.

To enable cross-platform saves, you should instead define a single Root path (likely for Windows), and then create Root Overrides for the other supported platforms. Files matching a given Root path which also has platform Root Overrides will sync to all platforms in both the original Root and all Overrides. See the Steam Auto-Cloud documentation for more details.

Initial Setup

For å sette opp Steam Cloud må du angi byte-kvote per bruker og antall filer tillatt per bruker i innstillinger for Steam Cloud i administrasjonspanelet til applikasjonen i Steamworks.

This quota is enforced on each Cloud-enabled game, on a per-user-per-game basis. It's recommended to set the values to reasonable amounts for your game title.

NOTE: Don't forget to click Save at the bottom of the page, and Publish your updated settings. Once published the cloud icon will be visible in the Steam client for anyone that owns your game.

If your game has already been released to the public then you can check the box labeled Enable cloud support for developers only. If developers-only mode is enabled then only the steam accounts which own a "Developer Comp" license for your title will see the cloud icon and will be able to use the Steam Cloud. This is useful to safely test Steam Cloud integration without breaking the public user experience. This has no effect on unreleased games since no one owns the game yet, they won't be able to see or access any cloud storage for the specific app ID.

You are able to share Cloud storage space between two app IDs by filling out the Shared cloud APP ID field. This is most commonly used to share saved games between a demo and a full game. A value of 0 disables this feature.

Steam Cloud API and Steam Auto-Cloud

Steam provides two different methods of utilizing the Steam Cloud, read up on how the two methods differ, and determine which would be the best for your application.

First up is the Steam Cloud API.
The Cloud API provides a series of functions which allows you to directly integrate the Steam Cloud into your game. The Cloud API isolates individual Steam users files from each other and provides a greater level of control over the Steam Cloud.

The Steam Cloud API is exposed via the ISteamRemoteStorage API interface, and you can find example usage in the Steamworks API Example Application (SpaceWar) project.

The second is Steam Auto-Cloud.
Steam Auto-Cloud was designed for games where you choose to not integrate the Steam Cloud API. It provides a quick and easy way to get started but lacks the flexibility that is available with the Steam Cloud API.

If you prefer a deeper integration with Steam Cloud (for example, allowing to choose which save files are stored in the cloud), then you should use the Cloud API. Otherwise you can use Steam Auto-Cloud.

Steam Auto-Cloud

Steam Auto-Cloud is an alternative to the Steam Cloud API that allows apps to use Steam Cloud without writing code or modifying the game in any way. It only requires that you specify the file groups which you want persisting to the Cloud. Steam will automatically sync the groups of files when the application launches and exits. Avoid machine-specific configurations such as video quality.
Note: The file steam_autocloud.vdf will be created in each location specified by your Steamworks cloud paths. This file is used by Steam, and can be ignored by your game.


Etter å ha fullført Initial Setup låses seksjonen for konfigurasjonen av Steam Auto-Cloud opp på siden for innstillinger for Steam Cloud.

Root Paths describe groups of files that will be persisted to the Steam Cloud. Each Root Path can be as specific as a single file or as wide as all files under a given subfolder. Use a new path for each group of files to sync.

A Root Path is composed of 5 parts:
  1. Root

    This is a pre-determined list of paths where game saves are commonly located.
    RootSupported OSesCorresponding Path
    App Install DirectoryAll[Steam Install]\SteamApps\common\[Game Folder]\
    SteamCloudDocumentsAllPlatform specific path, e.g. on Linux: ~/.SteamCloud/[username]/[Game Folder]/
    WinMyDocumentsWindows%USERPROFILE%\My Documents\
    WinSavedGamesWindows%USERPROFILE%\Saved Games\
    MacAppSupportmacOS~/Library/Application Support/

    A note regarding the Windows %USERPROFILE% paths: The corresponding paths listed above are the default locations. It is now possible for the user to configure their Windows installation so that these folders are in different locations (not necessarily under %USERPROFILE%). Steam uses the necessary Windows APIs to find the current location of these folders, whether they are default or customized.

  2. Subdirectory

    Subdirectory path to the clouded files relative to the Root. Use `.` if there is no subdirectory.

    Auto-Cloud special path values
    Auto-Cloud allows the use of unique Steam user identifiers in the Subdirectory path. This allows you to store save files for each Steam user on the computer separately. You can use ISteamUser::GetSteamID in your game to get the current users SteamID or AccountID to save to and read from.
    • {64BitSteamID} - Use this variable in the Steam path to insert the user's 64bit Steam ID. A 64 bit Steam ID looks like: 76561198027391269
    • {Steam3AccountID} - Use this variable in the Steam path to insert the user's Steam3 Account ID. An Account ID looks like: 67125541
    Example: SavesDir/{64BitSteamID}
  3. Pattern

    File mask pattern to match. You can use * as a wildcard. If you want all files in the directory, just use *.

    Example: *.sav
  4. OS

    Sets the Operating Systems that these files will be synced from/to. This is only required if the files are OS specific, which is hopefully not the case!
  5. Recursive

    Include sub-directories when searching for matching files. This is useful for sub-directories with non-deterministic names such as non-steam user names or IDs. If it's using a Steam ID, then using the special path values in the Subdirectory field is highly recommended.

Root Overrides

If your application is cross-platform and requires different directories for each OS, you can use the Root Overrides functionality to specify an override for the Root Paths that you set above.

The root paths specified above can be overridden to correspond to a different path on another OS. If you use Root Overrides, you must specify [All OSes] in the Root OS drop-down above.

A Root Override consists of 5 parts.
  1. Original Root

    This corresponds to one of the Roots that you set above.
  2. OS

    The Operating System to apply the override on.
  3. New Root

    The new location that the Original Root maps to on the specified OS.
  4. Add/Replace Path

    This allows you to optionally add a subdirectory path which is inserted between the new root and the original subdirectory.
  5. Replace Path

    If enabled, it causes the path specified in Add/Replace Path to replace the original subdirectory entirely.

Example: Configuring Auto-Cloud for Unity Applications

The following is an example of setting up Auto-Cloud for use with Unity and the Application.persistentDataPath property where the value is different per OS. The Windows version is configured as the Root Path with the company in Unity set to DefaultCompany and the Project called AutocloudSample. On macOS and Linux/SteamOS, the alternate paths from Application.persistentDataPath are set in the Add/Replace Path field and Replace Path is enabled.

With these settings, Auto-Cloud files will be synchronized between the three folders as shown in the Preview samples.


Pre-release Testing

If you are adding Steam Auto-Cloud to a game which has already been released and you have enabled developer-only mode during the Initial Setup then you must complete some additional steps to test the functionality.
  1. Sign in to Steam with an account that owns the app that you are testing.
  2. Open the Steam Console by navigating to steam://open/console in your browser.
  3. Enter testappcloudpaths <AppId> into the console with the given App ID that you are testing. Ex: testappcloudpaths 480
  4. Enter set_spew_level 4 4 into the console.
  5. Launch your app from Steam.
  6. Check the console for activity, If files already exist in the Auto-Cloud paths then you should see them being uploaded. Otherwise save some files from your app and then close it to trigger a sync.
  7. Go to another PC and repeat the steps above to test downloading the files from Steam Auto-Cloud.
  8. Be sure to test on all supported operating systems.
  9. Set testappcloudpaths 0 and set_spew_level 0 0 to end testing. You can restart the Steam client to get rid of the console tab.

Don't forget to disable developers-only mode and publish the changes when you're done testing.

Dynamic Cloud Sync

Steam Cloud now supports dynamic sync - where changes appearing in the Cloud can be downloaded to the local machine during an application session. The current example is a suspended game session on the Steam Deck. For apps marked as supporting dynamic Cloud sync, Steam will synchronize files up to the Steam Cloud at the suspend time. Then, the user may run the game on another device, which will receive the updates from the Steam Deck session at launch. At exit, those changes will be uploaded to the Steam Cloud. Finally, when the Steam Deck device is awakened, Steam will synchronize the changes down to that device, and post a notification to the application that local files have changed. The application can then iterate those changes and take appropriate action. For instance, the game may be able to simply load the updated progress from disk and allow the user to pick up right where they left off on the other device.

Ta en titt på kunngjøringen vår for enda mer informasjon om hvorfor denne funksjonen eksisterer og hvordan du kan bruke den.

Note that this feature supports applications whether they use the ISteamRemoteStorage API to manage files, or Auto-Cloud.

For more details, see the ISteamRemoteStorage documentation, specifically ISteamRemoteStorage::RemoteStorageLocalFileChange_t, ISteamRemoteStorage::GetLocalFileChangeCount, and ISteamRemoteStorage::GetLocalFileChange.

See also ISteamRemoteStorage::BeginFileWriteBatch and ISteamRemoteStorage::EndFileWriteBatch - these wrappers should be used to provide hints to Steam which will help it safely sync up to the Steam Cloud at the time when the user initiates a system suspend.

Pre-release Testing

You can locally enable Dynamic Cloud Sync for your app to test your builds - this is recommended for a game that has already shipped, as enabling Dynamic Cloud Sync for all users could lead to data loss when running builds that do not handle the new API methods and callbacks.

To test locally from a PC:

  1. Sign in to Steam with an account that owns the app that you are testing.
  2. Open the Steam Console by navigating to steam://open/console in your browser. (You can also run Steam with the command-line steam -console and then navigate to the Console section directly).
  3. Enter @cloud_testdynamicsyncapp <AppId> into the console with the given App ID that you are testing. Ex: @cloud_testdynamicsyncapp 480
  4. Launch your app from Steam.
  5. Progress through the game to a desired amount
  6. In the Steam Console, enter prepare_for_suspend. Steam will suspend your game process and upload any changed files to the Steam Cloud.
  7. Optional: play the game on another device, creating further progress, and then exit and let that Steam client upload progress to the Steam Cloud.
  8. Back on the original device, in the Steam Console, enter resume_suspended_games. This will sync down any necessary files from the Steam Cloud, post the relevant API calls to your game, then un-suspend your game process.

To test locally from a Steam Deck:

  1. Connect your Steam Deck with a Devkit
  2. To use the CEF Console, see here
  3. In the JS console, enter SteamClient.Console.ExecCommand(“@cloud_testdynamicsyncapp <AppId>”) to enable testing. You can then enter SteamClient.Console.ExecCommand(“@cloud_testdynamicsyncapp 0”) to disable it


First, always ensure that you have published your changes on the Steam partner website and have waited up to 10 minutes or restarted your Steam client to receive the published changes.

If you run into issues with Steam Cloud you should check the log file located at %Steam Install%\logs\cloud_log.txt.

See Debugging the Steamworks API for additional information.